Phan Thiet City
Phan Thiết or Phan Thiet city is the capital of Bình Thuận province, in southeastern Vietnam, where all government offices for the province are located. The population of Phan Thiết is expected to increase to about 400,000 by 2015. There are also seven districts in the province: Hàm Thuận Bắc, Hàm Thuận Nam, Đức Linh, Tánh Linh, Hàm Tân, Bắc Bình, and the island district of Phú Quý.
Its main economics sources are agriculture, aquaculture, services, and tourism. Phan Thiet is a coastal city which is famous for its tourism district Mui Ne and its seafood as well as sea products such as fish sauce. Phan Thiet is also known as the land of dragon fruits which are exported to China, Europe, Japan, and United States of America.
There are several theories about the origin of the name Phan Thiết most of which agree that, "Phan Thiết" is not a pure Vietnamese name:
- Before the Vietnamese conquest of the area in the 17th century, the Cham people called this land "Hamu Lithit" - "Hamu": hamlet in the field, "Lithit" :near the sea. With the arrival of the Vietnamese settlers, a new name in Vietnamese was gradually developed. Since the Vietnamese had already changed the Cham city of Panduraga into Phan Rang and another settlement into Phan Rí, they attached the prefix "Phan" into the shortening of "Lithit" to make the name Phan Thiet.
- Vietnamese people have been transliterating the Cham names into more Vietnamese sounding names Panduranga or Mang-lang into Phan Rang, Mang-lý into Phan Rí, Hamu Lithit or Mang-thit into Phan Thiết. Those three places are referred to as "Tam Phan" (Triple Phan).
- The name of the Cham Prince who was the military governor of the area in the 15th century was Po Thit (brother of the princess Po Inu Sah and son of King Par Ra Cham Chanh or Trà Chanh). The fortification was thus called Camp Po Thit. The Vietnamese pronounced the camp name as Phan Thiết.
- Cùng với trái thanh long là nước mắm nổi tiếng ngon thơm có xuất xứ từ TP Phan Thiết. Thành phố này có sản lượng đánh bắt hải sản cao nhất tỉnh Bình Thuận với 46.000 tấn mỗi năm. Từ số lượng cá tươi rất lớn đó, người ta lựa loại cá cơm, cá nục thon mập đem ướp với muối hạt trong những vựa khổng lồ để làm nên nước mắm với sản lượng khoảng 20 triệu lít mỗi năm. Nơi đây có Công ty nước mắm Liên Thành là thương hiệu sản xuất nước mắm chính thức đầu tiên của Việt Nam để tiêu thụ trong nước và xuất khẩu ra nước ngoài.
- This area used to belong to the ancient kingdom of Champa and was later absorbed into the Đại Việt Empire (former name of Vietnam). Vietnamese rule was established over the area which has become present-day Bình Thuận, although back then the administrative level and the boundaries of the area hadn't been determined.
- In 1697, Bình Thuận in turn was changed from a fort ("trấn") to the district (phủ), then to the dinh. Later, Phan Thiết was officially recognized as a đạo (along with Phan Rang, Phố Hài and Ma Ly of the Tam Tân area).
- From 1773 to 1801, there were fierce fighting between the forces of the Nguyễn Dynasty and Tây Sơn Dynasty in the area.
- In 1825, during the reign of Emperor Minh Mạng, Bình Thuận officially became a province; part of Phan Thiết was made into the district of Hàm Thuận. In 1854, during Tự Đức's reign, the district was renamed Tuy Lý).
- In 1836 (17th year of Minh Mạng), a cabinet officer named Dao Tri Phu was sent to Bình Thuận to oversee the surveying tasks and establish land boundaries for 307 communes and villages, in fifteen districts of Bình Thuận in order to determine taxation. On the right bank of the river (Cà Ty river today): Đức Thắng, Nhuan Duc and Lac Dao village; left bank side: Long Binh, Minh Long.
- Even near the end of the 19th century, Phan Thiết was not yet officially recognized as an administrative unit (lower level) under Bình Thuận province.
- In 1898 (10th year of the reign of Emperor Thành Thái), Bình Thuận's provincial capital was moved to Phu Tai village, a suburb of Phan Thiết. On 20 October of that year, Thành Thái signed a degree to make Phan Thiết a city and provincial capital (on the same day as the establishment of the cities of Bình Thuận, Huế, Hội An, Qui Nhơn, Thanh Hóa and Vinh).
- In the 20th Century it was a centre ofVNQDĐ independence movement activity.